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Livanjsko Polje

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Livno i Livanjsko polje - big-mid-pic1
Livanjsko Polje, largest karst field (polje) in the world - Rasmar site
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Livanjsko Polje is the largest karstic polje / field in Bosnia and Herzegovina and indeed in the world. Although a typical example of karst plateau circled by tall peaks and mountain ranges, however, characterize by many unique natural phenomena.

Geography Edit

Livanjsko Polje - General Map of BiH
Livanjsko Polje Rasmar Site, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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The field has an area of 45,868 hectare 458.7 km², and an average width of 6 km. It is located at an average height of 720 m above sea level. The field is located in the southwest of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and lies between the karstic mountains of Dinara and Kamešnica on the south, Tušnica mountain on the east, Cincar and Golija mountain on the north and Šator and Staretina mountain on the west. Buško Blato (Buško lake) lies to the southeast, and Ždralovac to the northwest. Ždralovac is a narrow corridor by which the Livno field is connected to the Grahovsko field, between the slopes of mountains Dinara, Kamešnica and Šator.
-!!!- Livanjsko Polje sa Satora (31965560)
Livanjsko Polje from Šator mountain
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Climate Edit

In the Neolithic age, the field was underwater. On the field itself there remains several lakes, of which Buško Blato has the largest accumulation in the region and one of the largest in Europe. Brežinsko jezero is another lake of note which lies on the northwest part of the field. When the Orlovac Hydroelectric power-plant was built in the 1960's, it altered the climate of the entire Livno region. Long, cold winter months with large snowfalls with the characteristic bura wind, were replaced by rainy winters and long, warm summers.

Hydrology and hydrography Edit

Livno i Livanjsko polje - edf 05
Seasonal flooding on Livanjsko Polje
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Across the Livanjsko field flow several rivers, which belong to the Adriatic watershed. The most important of these are the Sturba, the Bistrica, the Brina, the Plovuča, the Jaruga and the Ričina which are all rich in trout and crab. An artificial lake, Buško Blato, was dammed in the polje in 1970s for electric power generation. Additional projects are in planning which could seriously compromise the delicate hydrological balance of the Dinaric karst, which is criss-crossed by underground rivers.

Springs, streams and lakes Edit

Livno i Livanjsko polje - edf 02
River in Livanjsko Polje
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Across the Livanjsko field flow several rivers, which belong to the Adriatic watershed. The most important of these are the Sturba, the Bistrica, the Brina, the Plovuča, the Jaruga and the Ričina which are rich in trout and crab.

Towns and villages Edit

The largest city on the field is Livno itself, from which the field received its name. The city of Livno has approximately 12,000 inhabitants. It is located on the northeastern part of the field, beneath mount Bašajkovac. The largest villages on the field are Guber, Grborezi, Podhum, Prolog, Čuklić, Zabrišće, Bila, Čelebić, Lusnić, Strupnić, Kovačić, Vrbica and Bojmunte.

Culture and history Edit

Old LivnoEdit

Stari most na Bistrici 28352914
Old Livno
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Old Livno Fortress (also Bistrica Town), the historic site ...

Organic agriculture and cuisine Edit

The field is home to continental vegetable culture such as potatoes and cabbage. Livestock, especially raising cattle and sheep, as well as the production of milk and two famous brend of delicacy cheese, simply known as Livanjski cheese and Cincar cheese, employs a good deal of the inhabitants of the field.

See also Edit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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