Trebižat River is a river in the southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and major tributary of the Neretva river.

Geography and hydrology

River Trebižat is located in the south-western region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It's a part of the Neretva basin and it is the Neretva major tributary.

Sinking river

The Trebižat is a 51 km long and it is second largest "sinking river" that drains into the underground and reappears at resurgences various times in Bosnia and Herzegovina, next to the Trebišnjica River which is largest river of that kind on the world and also part of the Neretva watershed.

The water regime of the Trebižat River is affected by the abstraction of its water for hydropower plants, irrigation and fish farming not to mention pollution problems. The Trebižat river flows through an area of remarkable ecological value hosting a protected areas such as the travertine-formation around Kravice Waterfall. Although there have been many negative impacts in recent years on the Trebižat River, the analyses of aquatic organisms, river ecology and river morphology showed a high diversity. Various actions are considered with the aim of preserving the Trebižat River and its riparian ecosystem[1][2]. The area was assessed in terms of its geography, climate conditions, historic heritage of the river, demography, geology of the river and its tributaries, river hydrology and morphology, ecological characteristics, river pollution, river use and river management.

Nine names of the river Trebižat

Thanks to the fact that the Trebižat river looses and reappears at resurgences various times people used to call it with different names. Exactly nine names are known, every time it resurfaces or enters the next area on its path the river got a new name: Vrlika - Tihaljina - Mlade - Culuša - Ričina - Brina - Suvaja (Posušje) - Matica - Trebižat (Ljubuški).


A special characteristic of Bosnia and Herzegovina's water systems are the plethora of waterfalls dotting the landscape. Among the most beautiful and biggest are the: Štrbački Cascade (23,5 m high – quantitively the biggest waterfall in BiH), Martin Brod on the Una River, the Pliva Waterfall in Jajce (27 m), Kravica Waterfall and Kočuša Waterfall on the Trebižat River[3].

Kravica waterfalls

The most attractive landmark on the Trebižat River is the Kravica Waterfall, located 3 km downstream from the Vitaljina, in Studenci near Ljubuški. The same as the Krka River waterfalls and Plitvice Lakes, the Trebižat river is also in a constant process of natural tufa deposit. It is known that travertine barriers and waterfalls can grow only in a water of high purity and quality, so it is not strange that the landscape of a natural phenomenon the Trebižat River was declared as a Nature Park.

Kočuša waterfalls

See also


External links


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